While cats may not go through a hormonally driven pimple phase like humans, cats can get acne.
Acne in cats typically appears as small, black or brown bumps on the chin or around the mouth. It is caused by a buildup of oils and bacteria in the hair follicles.
What causes feline acne?
Hormonal changes, stress, and certain foods or bowls can all cause acne in cats. Cats can also get acne if they are taking certain medicines or have certain health problems.
Known possible causes of feline acne are:
- Irritation from plastic food dishes
- Environmental irritants
- Bacterial infections
- Hormonal imbalances
- Poor hygiene or grooming habits
What are the signs of acne in cats?
Symptoms of feline acne include:
- Blackheads (comedones) on the chin
- Pustules (pimples)
- Hair loss
Acne on a cat’s chin will often look like the chin is dirty and have a dark brown or black appearance.
Where does acne show up on a cat?
Acne mostly affects the mouth and chin on a cat. Acne can show up in other places around the face and the body of the cat but this isn’t as common.
Check your cat’s food dish
One of the main culprits that can cause cats to develop acne is their food dish.
It is longed believed that plastic food dishes are particularly problematic. This is because plastic is prone to developing scratches. Food particles can get stuck in the grooves of these scratches even after washing. The trapped food promotes bacterial growth.
As your cat eats, they often brush their chins against their food dishes. Cats have sensitive skin, and when they come into contact with oils and bacteria from their food or water dishes, it can cause irritation and inflammation in the hair follicles.
Additionally, certain types of food bowls can cause friction on the skin, which can also lead to the development of acne. (Related: Whisker Fatigue in Cats)
Proper cat bowl hygiene
If you find your cat developing acne, switch their food and water bowls to glass or ceramic from plastic. Also make sure you clean the food and water dishes in between meals to reduce any oil and bacteria buildup on them.
It is also possible that the food itself is causing the acne, as some cats may have food allergies or sensitivities that can lead to skin issues. In these cases, switching to a different type of food may help to reduce or eliminate the acne.
As always, it’s important to consult with a veterinarian for proper diagnosis and treatment, as some underlying medical conditions can cause skin issues that may mimic acne.
Your vet can also recommend treatment options for clearing up your cat’s acne after an examination. Cat specific medical wipes are often use to help clean the affected area. Your vet may also prescribe topical or oral treatments to help clear up the acne.
You can use a warm, damp hand towel to gently dab and clean the affected area. Never rub harshly on the skin where your cat’s acne is as you can further irritate the area. Never try to pick off scabs as this can introduce bacteria and cause a secondary infection.
DeBoer, D. J. (2014). Getting to the bottom of feline facial dermatitis: what to do when your client exclaims,” My cat has Something Wrong With his face!”. Veterinary Medicine, 109(12), 370-373.