A purebred cat is a cat whose parents, grandparents, great-grandparents, and so forth, have all been the same breed of cat.
Purebreds can be categorized into different breeds of cat. The number of cat breeds in the world varies, depending on the cat organization certifying the breed.
A cat that has mixed ancestry is known as either a domestic short-haired and domestic long-haired cat depending on the length of the cat’s fur.
Cat Organizations that Recognize Cat Breeds
In the United States, the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA) recognizes 45 breeds of cats, of which 42 are eligible to compete. The Khao Manee, Lykoi, and Toybob are accepted by CFA as breeds but are still working towards full eligibility.
The International Cat Association (TICA) recognizes 73 breeds of cats.
Table: List of Cat Breeds
Listed here are cat breeds registered with two of the largest and most recognizable cat breeds (there are other cat breed registries).
Columns noted as CFA indicates that the cat is a listed breed with the Cat Fanciers’ Association and TICA indicates the cat is listed as a breed with The International Cat Association.
|Breed||Location of origin||Coat length||CFA||TICA|
|Abyssinian||Unspecified, but somewhere in Afro-Asia likely Ethiopia||Short||CFA||TICA|
|American Bobtail||United States||Short/long||CFA||TICA|
|American Curl||United States||Short/long||CFA||TICA|
|American Ringtail||United States||Semi-long|
|American Shorthair||United States||Short||CFA||TICA|
|American Wirehair||United States||Short||CFA||TICA|
|Arabian Mau||the Arabian Peninsula||Short|
|Asian||Developed in United Kingdom;foundation stock from Asia||Short|
|Asian Semi-longhair||United Kingdom||Semi-long|
|Balinese||Developed in United States;foundation stock from Thailand||Long||CFA||TICA|
|Bengal||Developed in United States,but created in Asia||Short||CFA||TICA|
|Birman||Developed in France;foundation stock from Burma (Myanmar)||Long||CFA||TICA|
|Bombay||United States and Burma (Myanmar)||Short||CFA||TICA|
|British Longhair||United Kingdom (England)||Semi-long||TICA|
|British Shorthair||United Kingdom (England)||Short||CFA||TICA|
|Burmilla||United Kingdom (England)||Short/long||CFA||TICA|
|California Spangled||United States||Short|
|Colorpoint Shorthair||England, United Kingdom||Short||CFA|
|Cornish Rex||Cornwall, England, United Kingdom||Short||CFA||TICA|
|Cymric, Manx Longhair or Long-haired Manx||the Isle of Man, United States, and Canada||Long||TICA|
|Devon Rex||Buckfastleigh, Devon, England, United Kingdom||Short||CFA||TICA|
|Donskoy orDon Sphynx||Russia||Hairless|
|Dragon Li orChinese Li Hua||China||Short|
|European Shorthair||Continental Europe||Short|
|Exotic Shorthair||United States||Short/long||CFA||TICA|
|Havana Brown||United Kingdom (England);foundation stock from Thailand||Short||CFA||TICA|
|Himalayan or Colorpoint Persian||United States and United Kingdom||Long||TICA|
|Javanese or Colorpoint Longhair||Developed in United States and Canada;foundation stock from Southeast Asia||Long|
|Kurilian Bobtail orKuril Islands Bobtail||eastern Russia and Japan||Short/long||TICA|
|Maine Coon||United States||Long||CFA||TICA|
|Manx||the Isle of Man||Short/long||CFA||TICA|
|Norwegian Forest Cat||Norway||Long||CFA||TICA|
|Ojos Azules||United States||Short|
|Oregon Rex(extinct)||United States||Rex|
|Oriental Bicolor||Developed in United States and United Kingdom, later in Continental Europe;foundation stock ultimately from Thailand||Short|
|Oriental||Developed in United States and United Kingdom;foundation stock ultimately from Thailand||Short/long||CFA||TICA|
|Peterbald||Russia||Hairless, velour, brush, or straight coat||TICA|
|Raas||Raas Island, Indonesia||Short||TICA|
|Russian White, Russian Black and Russian Tabby||Developed in Australia;foundation stock from Russia||Short|
|Scottish Fold||United Kingdom (Scotland)||Short/long||CFA||TICA|
|Selkirk Rex||United States in 1988||Short/long||CFA||TICA|
|Siamese||Foundation stock from Thailand||Short||CFA||TICA|
|Singapura||Developed in United States;foundation stock from Singapore||Short||CFA||TICA|
|Somali||United States, Canada||Long||CFA||TICA|
|Thai orTraditional, Classic, or Old-style Siamese; Wichien Maat||Thailand||Short||TICA|
|Thai Lilac, Thai Blue Point and Thai Lilac Point||Thailand||Short|
|Tonkinese||Canada, United States||Short||CFA||TICA|
|Turkish Van||Developed in United Kingdom (England);foundation stock from Turkey||Long||CFA||TICA|
|York Chocolate||New York, United States||Long|
This article was originally written on November 8, 2021 and has since been updated.